technical

#TECH SPL

@MEGHANVAZE


HyperText Markup Language


 

(HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications. With Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript it forms a triad of cornerstone technologies for the World Wide Web.[1] Web browsers receive HTML documents from a webserver or from local storage and render them into multimedia web pages. HTML describes the structure of a web page semantically and originally included cues for the appearance of the document.

HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages. With HTML constructs, images and other objects, such as interactive forms, may be embedded into the rendered page. It provides a means to create structured documents by denoting structural semantics for text such as headings, paragraphs, lists, links, quotes and other items. HTML elements are delineated by tags, written using angle brackets. Tags such as <img /> and <input /> introduce content into the page directly. Others such as <p>...</p> surround and provide information about document text and may include other tags as sub-elements. Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to interpret the content of the page.

HTML can embed programs written in a scripting language such as JavaScript which affect the behavior and content of web pages. Inclusion of CSS defines the look and layout of content. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), maintainer of both the HTML and the CSS standards, has encouraged the use of CSS over explicit presentational HTML since 1997


MARKUP


HTML markup consists of several key components, including those called tags (and their attributes), character-based data typescharacter references and entity references. HTML tags most commonly come in pairs like <h1> and </h1>, although some represent empty elements and so are unpaired, for example <img>. The first tag in such a pair is the start tag, and the second is the end tag (they are also called opening tags and closing tags).

Another important component is the HTML document type declaration, which triggers standards mode rendering.

The following is an example of the classic Hello world program, a common test employed for comparing programming languagesscripting languages and markup languages. This example is made using 9 lines of code:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>This is a title</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <p>Hello world!</p>
  </body>
</html>

(The text between <html> and </html>describes the web page, and the text between <body> and </body> is the visible page content. The markup text “<title>This is a title</title>” defines the browser page title.)

The Document Type Declaration <!DOCTYPE html> is for HTML5. If a declaration is not included, various browsers will revert to “quirks mode” for rendering.

Data types

HTML defines several data types for element content, such as script data and stylesheet data, and a plethora of types for attribute values, including IDs, names, URIs, numbers, units of length, languages, media descriptors, colors, character encodings, dates and times, and so on. All of these data types are specializations of character data

Document type declaration

HTML documents are required to start with a Document Type Declaration (informally, a “doctype”). In browsers, the doctype helps to define the rendering mode—particularly whether to use quirks mode.

The original purpose of the doctype was to enable parsing and validation of HTML documents by SGML tools based on the Document Type Definition (DTD). The DTD to which the DOCTYPE refers contains a machine-readable grammar specifying the permitted and prohibited content for a document conforming to such a DTD. Browsers, on the other hand, do not implement HTML as an application of SGML and by consequence do not read the DTD.

HTML5 does not define a DTD; therefore, in HTML5 the doctype declaration is simpler and shorter

technical

#TECH SPL

@MEGHANVAZE

  • PowerDVD (redirect from CyberlinkPowerDVD)

    CyberLink PowerDVD is a media player for Microsoft Windows providing DVD playback, with Blu-ray playback available in higher editions. The current version

    15 KB (1,474 words) – 16:33, 12 March 2017

  • CyberLink

    CyberLink Corp. (Chinese: 訊連科技股份有限公司; pinyin: Xùn lián kējì gǔfèn yǒuxiàn gōngsī) is a multimedia software company headquartered in New Taipei City, Taiwan

    6 KB (547 words) – 15:41, 12 February 2017

  • Digital Living Network Alliance (redirect from Mobile Digital Media Server)

    Retrieved 2011-03-02.  “SoftDMA 2 – Media Player for the Digital Home”. Cyberlink. Archived from the original on 2011-02-14. Retrieved 2011-03-02.  “DTR

    29 KB (2,901 words) – 10:12, 2 March 2017

  • HyperSpace (software)

    networkworld.com/columnists/2009/012109-cool-tools.html http://www.antara.co.id/en/arc/2008/3/26/phoenix-technologies-teams-with-cyberlink/ HyperSpace

    5 KB (528 words) – 18:47, 14 September 2016

  • Comparison of video player software

    Forums”.  http://www.cyberlink.com/downloads/support/powerdvd/patches_en_US.html PowerDVD Patches & Support http://membership.cyberlink.com/prog/company/press-news-content

    76 KB (1,628 words) – 18:26, 15 March 2017

  • NewBlue

    deals with industry leaders Adobe Corporation, Avid Corporation, Corel, Cyberlink, Magix, Pinnacle Systems, Thomson Grass Valley and Sony Corporation.

    7 KB (885 words) – 07:48, 25 September 2015

  • .m2ts

    known currently to handle both types is Pinnacle Studio 12 Ultimate and Cyberlink Power Director v8. M2TS files can also be played on Sony PlayStation 3s

    13 KB (1,392 words) – 02:13, 23 February 2017

  • HDMI (section Mobile phones)

    October 22, 2008.  “CyberLink Partners with Realtek to Showcase Lossless HD Audio Playback with Copy Protection Technology”. Cyberlink. June 5, 2008. Retrieved

    121 KB (12,331 words) – 00:01, 17 March 2017

  • Intel Quick Sync Video

    applications also benefit from the technology today, including CyberLink PowerDVD, CyberLink PowerDirector and MacroMotion Bogart “gold” edition. It has

    16 KB (1,319 words) – 04:54, 3 March 2017

  • IdeaPad

    storage. Other features include “Window 8.1, Lenovo Photos, Cyberlink PowerDirector, Cyberlink PhotoDirector, trial versions of Microsoft Office 365 and

    58 KB (6,338 words) – 23:04, 15 March 2017

  • AVCHD

    AVCHD. Many software vendors support AVCHD mastering. In particular: Cyberlink PowerDirector and PowerProducer can author a compliant AVCHD disc, or

    53 KB (6,365 words) – 02:39, 4 February 2017

technical

#TECH SPL

Microsoft Windows

From #meghanvaze

Somthing tech something new from

“Windows” redirects here. For the part of a building, see window. For other uses, see Windows (disambiguation).

Microsoft Windows
Windows darkblue 2012 svg.svg
Windows 10 build 14393 (Redstone).png

Screenshot of Windows 10 (Anniversary Update), showing the Action Center and Start Menu

Developer Microsoft
Written in C, C++, Assembly[1]
Working state Publicly released
Source model Closed / shared source
Initial release November 20, 1985; 31 years ago, as Windows 1.0
Latest release 1607 (10.0.14393.729) (January 30, 2017; 41 days ago) [±]
Latest preview 1704 (10.0.15046.0) (February 28, 2017; 12 days ago) [±]
Marketing target Personal computing
Available in 137 languages[2]
Update method

Package manager Windows Installer (.msi), Windows Store (.appx)[3]
Platforms ARM, IA-32, Itanium, x86-64, DEC Alpha, MIPS, PowerPC
Kernel type

Default user interface Windows shell
License Proprietarycommercial software
Official website windows.microsoft.com

Microsoft Windows (or simply Windows) is a metafamily of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft. It consists of several families of operating systems, each of which cater to a certain sector of the computing industry with the OS typically associated with IBM PC compatible architecture. Active Windows families include Windows NT, Windows Embedded and Windows Phone; these may encompass subfamilies, e.g. Windows Embedded Compact (Windows CE) or Windows Server. Defunct Windows families include Windows 9x; Windows 10 Mobile is an active product, unrelated to the defunct family Windows Mobile.

Microsoft introduced an operating environment named Windows on November 20, 1985, as a graphical operating system shell for MS-DOS in response to the growing interest in graphical user interfaces (GUIs).[4] Microsoft Windows came to dominate the world’s personal computer (PC) market with over 90% market share, overtaking Mac OS, which had been introduced in 1984. Apple came to see Windows as an unfair encroachment on their innovation in GUI development as implemented on products such as the Lisa and Macintosh (eventually settled in court in Microsoft’s favor in 1993). On PCs, Windows is still the most popular operating system. However, in 2014, Microsoft admitted losing the majority of the overall operating system market to Android,[5] because of the massive growth in sales of Android smartphones. In 2014, the number of Windows devices sold was less than 25% that of Android devices sold. This comparison however may not be fully relevant, as the two operating systems traditionally target different platforms.

As of September 2016, the most recent version of Windows for PCs, tablets, smartphones and embedded devices is Windows 10. The most recent versions for server computers is Windows Server 2016. A specialized version of Windows runs.

technical

#TECH SPL

Android (operating system)

From #meghanvaze

Something tech something new from

Android
Android robot 2014.svg
Android logo (2014).svg
Android Nougat screenshot 20170116-070000.png

Android 7.1 Nougat home screen

Developer

Written in Java (UI), C (core), C++[1]
OS family Unix-like
Working state Current
Source model Open source and in most devices with proprietary components
Initial release September 23, 2008; 8 years ago[2]
Latest release 7.1.1 “Nougat” / December 5, 2016; 3 months ago
Latest preview 7.1.2 “Nougat” / January 30, 2017; 41 days ago
Marketing target Smartphones, tablet computers, Android TV, Android Auto and Android Wear
Available in 100+ languages[3]
Package manager APK (Primarily throughGoogle Play) and installing apks from alternative sources such as F-Droid
Platforms 32- and 64-bit ARM, x86, x86-64, MIPS and MIPS64
Kernel type Monolithic (modified Linux kernel)
Userland Bionic libc,[4] mksh shell,[5] Toybox as core utilities beginning with Android 6.0,[6][7]previously native core utilities with a few from NetBSD[8][9]
Default user interface Graphical (multi-touch)
License Apache License 2.0
GNU GPL v2 for the Linux kernel modifications[10]
Official website android.com

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on the Linux kernel and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Android’s user interface is mainly based on direct manipulation, using touch gestures that loosely correspond to real-world actions, such as swiping, tapping and pinching, to manipulate on-screen objects, along with a virtual keyboard for text input. In addition to touchscreen devices, Google has further developed Android TV for televisions, Android Auto for cars, and Android Wear for wrist watches, each with a specialized user interface. Variants of Android are also used on notebooks, game consoles, digital cameras, and other electronics.

Initially developed by Android Inc., which Google bought in 2005, Android was unveiled in 2007 along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance – a consortium of hardware, software, and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. As of February 2017, the Google Play store has over 2.7 million Android applications (“apps”) published, including many “business-class” apps that rival competing mobile platforms, and as of May 2016, apps have been downloaded more than 65 billion times. In September 2015, Android had 1.4 billion monthly active users, and it has the largest installed base of any operating system.

Android’s source code is released by Google under an open source license, although most Android devices ultimately ship with a combination of free and open source and proprietary software, including proprietary software required for accessing Google services. Android is popular with technology companies that require a ready-made, low-cost and customizable operating system for high-tech devices. Its open nature has encouraged a large community of developers and enthusiasts to use the open-source code as a foundation for community-driven projects, which deliver updates to older devices, add new features for advanced users or bring Android to devices originally shipped with other operating systems. The success of Android has made security an issue, in which the majority of Android devices do not receive security patches, and it has become a target for patent and copyright litigation as part of the so-called “smartphone wars” between technology companies.

medical

#medical spl

@meghanvaze

All about ear 


Middle ear

Main article: Middle ear

The middle ear

The middle ear lies between the outer ear and the inner ear. It consists of an air-filled cavity called the tympanic cavity and includes the three ossicles and their attaching ligaments; the auditory tube; and the round and oval windows. The ossicles are three small bones that function together to receive, amplify, and transmit the sound from the eardrum to the inner ear. The ossicles are the malleus (hammer), incus (anvil), and the stapes (stirrup). The stapes is the smallest named bone in the body. The middle ear also connects to the upper throat at the nasopharynx via the pharyngeal opening of the Eustachian tube.

The three ossicles transmit sound from the outer ear to the inner ear. The malleus receives vibrations from sound pressure on the eardrum, where it is connected at its longest part (the manubrium or handle) by a ligament. It transmits vibrations to the incus, which in turn transmits the vibrations to the small stapes bone. The wide base of the stapes rests on the oval window. As the stapes vibrates, vibrations are transmitted through the oval window, causing movement of fluid within the cochlea.The round window allows for the fluid within the inner ear to move. As the stapes pushes the secondary tympanic membrane, fluid in the inner ear moves and pushes the membrane of the round window out by a corresponding amount into the middle ear. The ossicles help amplify sound waves by nearly 15–20 time.

Outer ear

Main article: Outer ear

The outer ear is the external portion of the ear and includes the fleshy visible pinna (also called the auricle), the ear canal, and the outer layer of the eardrum (also called the tympanic membrane).

The pinna consists of the curving outer rim called the helix, the inner curved rim called the antihelix, and opens into the ear canal. The tragus protrudes and partially obscures the ear canal, as does the facing antitragus. The hollow region in front of the ear canal is called the concha. The ear canal stretches for about 1 inch (2.5 cm). The first part of the canal is surrounded by cartilage, while the second part near the eardrum is surrounded by bone. This bony part is known as the auditory bulla and is formed by the tympanic part of the temporal bone. The skin surrounding the ear canal contains ceruminous and sebaceous glands that produce protective ear wax. The ear canal ends at the external surface of the eardrum.

Two sets of muscles are associated with the outer ear: the intrinsic and extrinsic muscles. In some mammals, these muscles can adjust the direction of the pinna. In humans, these muscles have little or no effect.The ear muscles are supplied by the facial nerve, which also supplies sensation to the skin of the ear itself, as well as to the external ear cavity. The great auricular nerve, auricular nerve, auriculotemporal nerve, and lesser and greater occipital nerves of the cervical plexus all supply sensation to parts of the outer ear and the surrounding skin.

Inner ear

The outer ear receives sound, transmitted through the ossicles of the middle ear to the inner ear, where it is converted to a nervous signal in the cochlear and transmitted along the vestibulocochlear nerve

Main article: Inner ear

The inner ear sits within the temporal bone in a complex cavity called the bony labyrinth. A central area known as the vestibule contains two small fluid-filled recesses, the utricle and saccule. These connect to the semicircular canals and the cochlea. There are three semicircular canals angled at right angles to each other which are responsible for dynamic balance. The cochlea is a spiral shell-shaped organ responsible for the sense of hearing. These structures together create the membranous labyrinth.

The bony labyrinth refers to the bony compartment which contains the membranous labyrinth, contained within the temporal bone. The inner ear structurally begins at the oval window, which receives vibrations from the incus of the middle ear. Vibrations are transmitted into the inner ear into a fluid called endolymph, which fills the membranous labyrinth. The endolymph is situated in two vestibules, the utricle and saccule, and eventually transmits to the cochlea, a spiral-shaped structure. The cochlea consists of three fluid-filled spaces: the vestibular duct, the cochlear duct, and the tympanic duct.[3

Inner ear

The outer ear receives sound, transmitted through the ossicles of the middle ear to the inner ear, where it is converted to a nervous signal in the cochlear and transmitted along the vestibulocochlear nerve

Main article: Inner ear

The inner ear sits within the temporal bone in a complex cavity called the bony labyrinth. A central area known as the vestibule contains two small fluid-filled recesses, the utricle and saccule. These connect to the semicircular canals and the cochlea. There are three semicircular canals angled at right angles to each other which are responsible for dynamic balance. The cochlea is a spiral shell-shaped organ responsible for the sense of hearing. These structures together create the membranous labyrinth.

The bony labyrinth refers to the bony compartment which contains the membranous labyrinth, contained within the temporal bone. The inner ear structurally begins at the oval window, which receives vibrations from the incus of the middle ear. Vibrations are transmitted into the inner ear into a fluid called endolymph, which fills the membranous labyrinth. The endolymph is situated in two vestibules, the utricle and saccule, and eventually transmits to the cochlea, a spiral-shaped structure. The cochlea consists of three fluid-filled spaces: the vestibular duct, the cochlear duct, and the tympanic duct.Hair cells responsible for transduction—changing mechanical changes into electrical stimuli are present in the organ of Corti in the cochle

technical

#TECH SPL

@MEGHANVAZE

#moto mobiles 

An unexpected and unprecedented move, Lenovo has made a return to South Africa with the launch of its brand new Moto Z. The breakthrough smartphone packs a slim body in black or lunar grey and comes ready – in a snap – to transform itself into whatever the user requires, whenever.

The Lenovo Moto Z Droid

As currently the world’s thinnest premium smartphone, the Moto Z from Lenovo is made from military aircraft-grade aluminium and stainless steel. At just 5.2mm with an ultra-light 5.5” Quad HD AMOLED display, the Moto Z is highly durable. For those of us who enjoy photography, the Moto Z uses a high-resolution 13MP camera with optical image stabilisation and laser autofocus. Don’t worry about space for all your selfies: The Moto Z has two options for onboard memory, 32 GB or 64 GB. If that’s not enough, you can extend memory capacity with a microSD card up to 2 TB.

 

But that’s not all. You can extend your phone’s capabilities with Moto Mods. Snap accessories for your phone that can turn a boring movie night in into a great experience. Don’t believe me… Check these out.

 

Hasselblad True Zoom Moto Mod (R4’299)

Probably the one Mod bloggers in South Africa would totally go gaga for (I know I did) – the Hasselblad True Zoom is the perfect photographic accessory. Capable of expanding your phone’s zoom x10 and with a Xenon flash, expect to capture the moment from pretty much any distance now. The mod also comes with two years free storage on Google Photos and Hasselblad’s Phocus software for added photo editing power on the go.

The Moto Z Hasselblad Zoom Moto Mod

JBL SoundBoost Moto Mod (R1’699)

For the party DJs, the dancers, the movie lovers and perhaps the conference callers: The JBL SoundBoost Moto Mod is perfect for you. With its high quality stereo sound, you can instantly transform your phone from tame to conqueror – in a snap. The speaker offers immersive sound for music and movie lovers and for those who like to talk too much, your calls will be loud and clear to avoid any ‘broken-telephone’ experiences. And the bonus? The JBL SoundBoost comes with 10 hours of battery allowing you to listen for longer without using your phone’s battery.

The Moto Z Hasselblad Zoom and JBL SoundBoost Moto Mods

Insta-Share Projector Moto Mod (R4’699)

Imagine being able to transform your tiny bachelor flat into a cinema. That’s exactly what you can do with the Insta-Share Project Moto Mod. With the ability to project up to 70” on any given flat surface, you can now take your favourite series from your screen to your wall and sit back and enjoy the experience. The mod comes with an extra hour of battery life before starting to use your phone’s battery.

The Moto Z Insta-Share Projector Moto Mod

As you can see, the Moto Z comes snapping plenty of surprises and extras to make your experience a whole lot better than before. And to prove that they have thought of pretty much everything – there is even a Incipio offGrid Power Pack Moto Mod (R1’199). The Power Pack is pretty much your (phone’s) life extended. In a matter of minutes experience full battery life – so you can keep going.

The Lenovo Moto Z is available at a recommended retail price of R12’999. It’s available from Dion Wired stores nationwide, Cellucity and Takealot.com.

 For more…

Http://www.instagram.com/casualboy_09

technical

#TECH SPL

@meghanvaze
TECHNICAL 
WHAT IS MEANT BY QUALCOMM SNAPDRAGON..?

Snapdragon is a suite of system on a chip (SoC) semiconductor products designed and marketed by Qualcomm for mobile devices. The Snapdragon central processing unit (CPU) uses the ARM , and a single SoC may include multiple , a  (GPU), a wireless modem, and other software and hardware to support a smartphone’s  (GPS), camera, gesture recognition and video. Snapdragon semiconductors are embedded in devices of various systems, including Google Android mobile and Windows Phone devices.

They are also used for netbooks, in cars, wearable devices and other devices.

The first Snapdragon product to be made available to consumer device manufacturers was the QSD8250, which was released in November 2007. It included the first 1 GHz processor for mobile phones. Qualcomm introduced its “Krait”  in the second generation of Snapdragon  in 2011, allowing each processor core to adjust its speed based on the device’s needs. At the 2013 Consumer Electronics Show, Qualcomm introduced the first of the Snapdragon 800 series and renamed prior models as the 200, 400 and 600 series. Several new iterations have been introduced since, such as the Snapdragon 805, 810, 615 and 410. Qualcomm re-branded its modem products under the Snapdragon name in December 2014.

————————————————

History

Pre-release

Qualcomm announced it was developing the  central processing unit (CPU) in November 2005. The Snapdragon system on chip (SoC) was announced in November 2006 and included the Scorpion processor, as well as other semiconductors.This also included Qualcomm’s first custom   (DSP).

According to a Qualcomm spokesperson, it was named Snapdragon, because “Snap and Dragon sounded fast and fierce.” The following month, Qualcomm acquired Airgo Networks for an undisclosed amount; it said Airgo’s 802.11a/b/g and 802.11n Wi-Fi technology would be integrated with the Snapdragon product suite.Early versions of Scorpion had a processor core design similar to the Cortex-A8

——————————————————————

Early products

The first Snapdragon shipments were of the QSD8250 in November 2007.According to CNET, Snapdragon’s claim to fame was having the first 1 GHz mobile phone processor. Most smartphones at the time were using 500 MHz processors. The first generation of Snapdragon products supported a 720p resolution, 3D graphics and a 12-megapixel camera.By November 2008, 15 device manufacturers decided to embed Snapdragon semiconductors in their consumer electronics products.

In November 2008, Qualcomm announced it would also compete against Intel in the netbook processor market with dual-core Snapdragon system-on-chips planned for late 2009. It demonstrated a Snapdragon processor that consumed less power than Intel chips announced around the same time and claimed it would also cost less when released. That same month, Qualcomm introduced a Snapdragon-based protoytpe netbook called Kayak that used 1.5 GHz processors and was intended for developing markets.

In May 2009Java SE was ported and optimized for Snapdragon.At the November 2009 Computex Taipei show, Qualcomm announced the QSD8650A addition to the Snapdragon product suite, which was based on 45 nanometer manufacturing processes. It featured a 1.2 GHz processor and had lower power consumption than prior models.

For more.. 

http://www.facebook.com/meghan.vaze.9